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Long vowels

In the fully vocalized Arabic text found in texts such as Koran, a long a following a consonant other than a hamzah is written with a short a sign (fathah) on the consonant plus an is written as a sign for short i (kasrah) plus aas a sign for short u plus a Long following a hamzah may be represented by an maddah or by a free hamzah followed by an maddah or by a free hamzah followed by an 'alif.

The table below shows vowels placed above or below a dotted circle replacing a primary consonant letter or a shaddah sign. For clarity in the table, the primary letters on the left used to mark these long vowels are shown only in their isolated form. Please note that most consonants do connect to the left with written then with their medial or final form. Additionally, the letter in the last row may connect to the letter on its left, and then will use a medial or initial form. Use the table of primary letters to look at their actual glyph and joining types.

For more articles on the Arabic alphabet , click here.


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